As Venezuela's economy collapses due to a policy of populism, residents who turn their backs on their country are speeding up their exodus. According to the International Organization for Migration under the U.N., as many as 2.3 million people have left for neighboring countries such as Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. It is 7% of the total population of 32 million. Informally, up to 4 million people are estimated to have fled Venezuela. One out of every 10 people has turned away from home. In particular, the number of refugees has been increasing since the hyperinflation has intensified.
"The so-called Venetianra Exodus, which fails to overcome the soaring prices and difficulties of living, is similar to the situation of Mediterranean refugees in Europe," the International Organization for Migration pointed out. "This year, overseas remittances to Venezuela increased 60 percent from the same period last year to $24 billion," Bloomberg said. 토토사이트
The Venezuelan government created an immigration police force and stepped up its control over the border on May 5. The police force is responsible for 72 border areas including airports and ports. The Venezuelan government said it will reveal the truth of 'exodus' through border controls. The Venezuelan government has claimed that eight million people moved from Colombia to Venezuela in the past civil war, and recently moved back. On the other hand, Colombia refutes that only 900,000 people have moved to Venezuela. Venezuelan refugees are distributed in order from neighboring Colombia, Peru, Chile, Panama, Argentina and Brazil. As these countries began to avoid refugees, as many as 340,000 people moved to Ecuador this year.
The reason why the Venezuelan people leave the country where they live is because of the severe economic hardship. The Venezuelan government has been suffering from hyperinflation as it continued to print money to raise funds for populist policies. Bloomberg measured the price of a cup of coffee in the capital city of Caracas, which jumped by 150,000 percent in just one year. The exchange rate is also distorted to the extent that it is determined on the black market. There is no way to import food and medicine, and it is impossible to self-sufficiency as businesses and merchants close down. suffer from chronic malnutrition and infectious diseases. Foreign news outlets reported that they are searching the trash can for rotten food. In particular, 25 percent of Venezuela's businesses have been paralyzed since President Nicolas Maduro announced measures to reform the economy, including a devaluation of currency value and a hike in minimum wage in August. Market experts criticized President Maduro's actions as driving the economy into a catastrophic state.
Recently, the U.N. Human Rights Council adopted a resolution to accept humanitarian aid from the Venezuelan government to address food and medicine shortages, malnutrition and infectious diseases. This is the first time for the U.N. to adopt a resolution urging foreign aid to certain countries.
Life is another tragedy after Venezuela's escape. When combined with foreign media, Venezuelans who crossed the border are the targets of crimes such as sex crimes and human trafficking.